SURVEILLANCE DATA - AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS

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Dead Bird Survey - 2017

Region Mar 9 - Mar 22, 2017 Year To Date H5 Positive H7 Positive
Tested
Matrix Positive Tested Matrix Positive
British Columbia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 9 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ontario 0 0 19 0 0 0
Quebec 5 0 20 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 2 0 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 5 0 50 0 0 0

Live Bird Survey - 2017

Region Tested Matrix
Positive
H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 0 0 0 0
Ontario 0 0 0 0
Quebec 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 0 0 0 0

Last updated 2017-03-01

Dead Bird Survey - 2016

Region Tested Matrix Positive H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 322 5 0 0
Alberta 300 2 0 0
Saskatchewan 260 63 7 0
Manitoba 0 0 0 0
Ontario 155 0 0 0
Quebec 104 2 0 0
New Brunswick 21 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 55 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 84 0 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 2 0 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 1 0 0 0
TOTAL 1304 72 7 0

Live Bird Survey - 2016

Region Tested Matrix
Positive
H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 337 26 5 0
Alberta 40 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 648 13 0 0
Manitoba 0 0 0 0
Ontario 538 126 5 3
Quebec 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 1563 165 10 3

Last updated 2017-03-02

Dead Bird Survey - 2015

Region 2015 H5 Positive H7 Positive
Tested Matrix
Positive
British Columbia 744 11 4 0
Alberta 408 2 1 0
Saskatchewan 303 5 0 0
Manitoba 0 0 0 0
Ontario 335 2 0 0
Quebec 306 7 0 1
New Brunswick 32 1 1 0
Nova Scotia 25 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 102 2 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 33 0 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 2288 30 7 1

Live Bird Survey - 2015

Region Tested Matrix
Positive
H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 0 0 0 0
Alberta 524 10 0 3
Saskatchewan 794 28 2 3
Manitoba 0 0 0 0
Ontario 1681 455 29 1
Quebec 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 2999 493 31 7

Dead Bird Survey - 2014

Region 2014 H5 Positive H7 Positive
Tested Matrix
Positive
British Columbia 241 0 0 0
Alberta 319 1 1 0
Saskatchewan 23 1 0 0
Manitoba 0 0 0 0
Ontario 165 3 0 0
Quebec 647 3 0 0
New Brunswick 43 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 19 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 87 0 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 1544 8 1 0

Live Bird Survey - 2014

Region Tested Matrix
Positive
H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 0 0 0 0
Alberta 321 10 0 0
Saskatchewan 1003 68 1 2
Manitoba 0 0 0 0
Ontario 0 0 0 0
Quebec 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 1324 78 1 2

Dead Bird Survey - 2013

Region Tested Matrix
Positive
H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 243 2 0 0
Alberta 153 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 82 0 0 0
Manitoba 0 0 0 0
Ontario 185 0 0 0
Quebec 561 2 0 0
New Brunswick 48 2 0 0
Nova Scotia 53 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 67 0 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 1392 6 0 0

Live Bird Survey - 2013

Region Tested Matrix
Positive
H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 0 0 0 0
Alberta 691 16 0 0
Saskatchewan 527 29 0 0
Manitoba 0 0 0 0
Ontario 0 0 0 0
Quebec 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 1218 45 0 0

Dead Bird Survey - 2012

Region Tested Matrix
Positive
H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 295 2 0 0
Alberta 97 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 357 0 0 0
Manitoba 29 0 0 0
Ontario 166 3 0 0
Quebec 529 3 0 0
New Brunswick 30 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 46 3 0 0
Prince Edward Island 105 0 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 1 0 0 0
Yukon Territory 2 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 7 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 1664 11 0 0

Live Bird Survey - 2012

Region Tested Matrix
Positive
H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 0 0 0 0
Alberta 127 1 0 0
Saskatchewan 288 6 0 0
Manitoba 199 18 0 0
Ontario 0 0 0 0
Quebec 337 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 951 25 0 0

Dead Bird Survey - 2011

Region Tested Matrix
Positive
H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 288 2 0 0
Alberta 31 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 340 0 0 0
Manitoba 38 0 0 0
Ontario 342 4 0 0
Quebec 498 1 0 0
New Brunswick 21 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 42 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 188 3 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 56 0 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 20 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 1864 10 0 0

Live Bird Survey - 2011

Region Tested Matrix Positive H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 0 0 0 0
Alberta 193 26 0 0
Saskatchewan 317 72 0 0
Manitoba 268 25 0 0
Ontario 101 35 0 0
Quebec 411 2 0 0
New Brunswick 135 2 0 0
Nova Scotia 442 6 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 1664 98 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 1327 3 0 0
TOTAL 4858 269 0 0

Dead Bird Survey - 2010

Region Tested Matrix
Positive
H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 296 1 0 0
Alberta 59 1 0 0
Saskatchewan 367 2 0 0
Manitoba 8 0 0 0
Ontario 349 0 0 0
Quebec 405 2 0 0
New Brunswick 10 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 63 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 129 1 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 134 1 0 0
Yukon Territory 13 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 1 0 0 0
Nunavut 11 0 0 0
TOTAL 1845 8 0 0

Live Bird Survey - 2010

Region Tested Matrix Positive H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 93 42 0 0
Alberta 203 15 0 1
Saskatchewan 450 121 2 0
Manitoba 501 258 0 2
Ontario 198 60 1 0
Quebec 1019 10 1 0
New Brunswick 738 58 0 0
Nova Scotia 420 17 0 0
Prince Edward Island 122 7 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 1188 35 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 953 0 0 0
TOTAL 5885 623 4 3

Dead Bird Survey - 2009

Region Tested Matrix Positive H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 375 1 0 0
Alberta 120 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 340 4 0 0
Manitoba 2 0 0 0
Ontario 470 7 0 0
Quebec 508 7 0 0
New Brunswick 18 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 125 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 157 1 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 274 0 0 0
Yukon Territory 6 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 7 0 0 0
Nunavut 5 0 0 0
TOTAL 2407 20 0 0

Live Bird Survey - 2009

Region Tested Matrix Positive H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 0 0 0 0
Alberta 102 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 498 63 0 2
Manitoba 322 42 0 0
Ontario 165 47 0 0
Quebec 265 1 0 0
New Brunswick 891 61 0 0
Nova Scotia 423 2 0 0
Prince Edward Island 129 5 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 1296 12 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 784 2 0 0
TOTAL 4875 235 0 2

Dead Bird Survey - 2008

Region Tested Matrix Positive H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 386 1 1 0
Alberta 21 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 287 0 0 0
Manitoba 54 3 0 0
Ontario 825 5 0 0
Quebec 808 5 0 0
New Brunswick 78 3 0 0
Nova Scotia 147 7 0 0
Prince Edward Island 186 17 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 132 4 0 0
Yukon Territory 25 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 19 0 0 0
Nunavut 51 0 0 0
TOTAL 3019 45 1 0

Live Bird Survey - 2008

Region Tested Matrix Positive H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 181 40 0 0
Alberta 200 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 500 8 0 1
Manitoba 362 6 0 0
Ontario 202 9 0 0
Quebec 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 816 10 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 2261 73 0 1

Dead Bird Survey - 2007

Region Tested Matrix Positive H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 598 7 0 1
Alberta 69 3 0 1
Saskatchewan 457 1 0 0
Manitoba 11 0 0 0
Ontario 771 3 0 0
Quebec 790 9 0 0
New Brunswick 42 1 0 0
Nova Scotia 148 3 0 0
Prince Edward Island 147 9 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 163 7 0 0
Yukon Territory 14 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 57 0 0 0
Nunavut 87 0 0 0
TOTAL 3354 43 0 2

Live Bird Survey - 2007

Region Tested Matrix Positive H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 452 84 0 2
Alberta 844 131 0 0
Saskatchewan 2084 250 1 0
Manitoba 767 80 0 3
Ontario 779 145 1 0
Quebec 909 260 1 0
New Brunswick 539 219 4 3
Nova Scotia 274 48 0 0
Prince Edward Island 51 14 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 136 114 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 600 0 0 0
TOTAL 7435 1345 7 8

Dead Bird Survey - 2006

Region Tested Matrix Positive H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 639 2 0 0
Alberta 74 3 0 0
Saskatchewan 291 5 0 0
Manitoba 13 0 0 0
Ontario 802 11 0 0
Quebec 626 8 0 0
New Brunswick 33 5 0 0
Nova Scotia 79 11 0 0
Prince Edward Island 144 36 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 97 24 0 0
Yukon Territory 15 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 10 0 0 0
Nunavut 40 0 0 0
TOTAL 2863 105 0 0

Live Bird Survey - 2006

Region Tested Matrix Positive H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 1424 270 0 0
Alberta 815 251 0 0
Saskatchewan 100 6 0 0
Manitoba 600 42 0 0
Ontario 580 0 0 0
Quebec 1910 485 0 0
New Brunswick 889 151 0 0
Nova Scotia 400 110 0 0
Prince Edward Island 281 74 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 904 86 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 1784 31 0 0
TOTAL 9687 1506 0 0

Dead Bird Survey - 2005

Region Tested Matrix Positive H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 11 0 0 0
Manitoba 0 0 0 0
Ontario 100 12 0 0
Quebec 24 0 0 0
New Brunswick 4 1 0 0
Nova Scotia 3 1 0 0
Prince Edward Island 8 2 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 15 4 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 165 20 0 0

Live Bird Survey - 2005

Region Tested Matrix Positive H5 Positive H7 Positive
British Columbia 691 371 19 0
Alberta 779 77 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 524 94 4 0
Ontario 769 340 1 0
Quebec 781 382 7 0
New Brunswick 253 122 1 0
Nova Scotia 428 183 0 0
Prince Edward Island 21 13 0 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 73 8 0 0
Yukon Territory 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 4319 1590 32 0

*Matrix positive includes all birds that tested ‘not negative’ by PCR for one or more Influenza A viruses. The number of positive test results included both those birds that tested POSITIVE (Ct value less than 36) and those that had an INCONCLUSIVE test result (Ct value greater than or equal to 36).

Any samples found to be matrix POSITIVE or INCONCLUSIVE are then tested by PCR for H5 and H7 strains at the regional level. Any samples that are then found to be either H5 or H7 POSITIVE or INCONCLUSIVE are immediately sent to the NCFAD for confirmation and identification. Authorities from the province or region where the bird was sampled will be notified when preliminary H5 or H7 positive results are found at the regional lab. When the CFIA confirms and identifies the virus, authorities from across the country will be notified. This update reports all POSITIVE or INCONCLUSIVE matrix results, but does not report whether or not these samples were found to be H5 or H7 positive.

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Tested - The number of birds that were screened for avian influenza virus by real time reverse transcriptase PCR (RRT-PCR) for the M1 gene.

Matrix positive - The number of birds that tested positive for the M1 gene by RRT-PCR.

H5 positive - The number of birds that were confirmed to be positive for the H5 virus subtype by either DNA sequencing or virus isolation.*

H7 positive - The number of birds that were confirmed to be positive for the H7 virus subtype by either DNA sequencing or virus isolation.*

*Where the virus isolation and sequence data disagreed, the final H type was determined by DNA sequencing.